After months and possibly years of living with infertility, couples who no longer want to delay their dreams of parenthood may elect to try IVF. IVF often follows other, more conservative treatments. It is the process by which eggs are removed from ovaries and mixed with sperm in a laboratory. Once an embryo or embryos form, they are placed in the uterus. Thousands of IVF babies have been born since 1978, which is when the first procedure took place.